View, Review And Advice On The Most Quality Of Building Stones.

Tag: care of stone

stone foundations
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How to build stone foundations?

Any building that is built must have a good foundation in order to stand up. The foundation transfers the weight and incoming force of building to the ground by the used columns. In each area depending on the weather conditions, the foundations are different. For each building a special foundation is built according to its plan and number of floors. The foundations are different and each one is built with different materials. For example concrete foundation is built with concrete. Also for building stone foundations it is used only small and big stones.
The stone foundation has a long history and many historical buildings have stone foundations. This kind of foundation has a high strength . The cost of it is very low and we can say it has no cost compared to some of the foundations. In fact, you just have to buy crushed stone.
Because stone has a great durability, this kind of foundation can be used in many different areas.
Stone foundations are being built in two ways according to the pressure and weight they have.
Buildings with low pressure and weight use stone foundation with lime mortar mix. In the other hand buildings with high pressure and weight, use stone foundation with cement sand mix.

stone foundations

Steps for building stone foundation :
We want to explain the general method of building stone foundation step by step. With this method you can save money in building costs.
1. Dig a peripheral fence around your building.
This fence should be 45cm wide and its depth must be as much as not to become frozen. Use pocket for digging and shovel for taking the soil out. The soil can be used for making the foundation’s slope. Then smooth the fence floor by a square shovel.
2. First place large stones in the dug fence.
First you can put all the large stones into the fence. Then use smaller ones to fill the fence.
3. Tighten the stones.
You can use a hammer for braking the stones if necessary. Note that you can use asphalt pieces too. If you want to use old concrete parts in your foundation, first divide them into flat pieces by hammer.
4. Fill the fence with crushed stone and kill that hard.
In this step you can spread the crushed stones with your hands to fill the entire foundation holes.
5. Install the necessary pipes and surround them with stone.
At this point, you can use 2cm pipe for clean water. Also you can use 7.5cm pipe for building’s wastewater. May be in the future these pipes will be used.
6. Use your favorite connector wall to increase the structure’s height.
If you want to use the same traditional way for building stone foundations, build your connector wall with soil bags. You can place barbed wire between soil bags to stick them together for more strength. In the standard bag walls, the lowest rows are filled by mashed bags and the upper ones by sustainable mixture of soil.
Once finished, the walls are completely covered to protect from bags and not easily worn. Because these bags are so wide, we can use them to build strong walls.
Note : The stone used for building foundation has to be healthy and be from different types of broken stone. Polished and circular stones are not suitable for building foundations because they make them unstable.

stony earth
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5 factors that cause stones to decay

Stone is one of the natural materials extracted from the mountains, and the process of the various processes on which it is applied becomes a stone. Different types of stones affect most of the building stones, especially face stones. In fact, it can be said that natural stone is deteriorating over time. Various factors affect the stone, which can be prevented from many of them. Of course, many of the decay factors can’t be prevented or prevented from occurring. We will try to point out 5 of these factors.

Rain

One of the most important factors affecting the decay of the stone is rain water. The rainwater both physically and chemically affects various stones. Chemical agents generally act in two ways: stone decomposition, oxidation and hydration. Especially in industrial areas there are more acidic waters, and therefore can easily decompose stone. It is therefore recommended to use less in stone than industrial buildings. Both of these factors cause stones and cause many problems for this natural substance.

Regarding the physical impact, the building’s aging has been used in places where the rain is heavy on it, and this rain also dries with sunlight, and this happens as a routine occurrence; a series of tensions are created inside the stone, causing the stone to Split inside. These conditions are such that too many layers of stone may be removed in a very short time and the stone is degraded. Especially in cities where air pollution is high, acid rain can severely destroy building stones. To do this, it is attempted to use stone stones in which expensive stones are used in them, it is not a factor in the drying of rainwater and stony surface. Of course, this is rarely happening. It is suggested that high quality stones be used to avoid this problem.

 

Dew

One of the factors affecting the decline of stone is dew. In places of the world where the air is very cold and humid, dew causes stone to decay. The dew penetrates into the tiny holes and freezes after cooling. This kind of frost will cause cracks in the stone. In these areas, stones are generally used with very few porosity.

Wind

Another factor that causes stones to fall is wind. In places where the wind is burning heavily, the use of stony facades is recommended because of the strength of the stone, but this wind can bring a lot of wear to the stone. In fact, dust has dust particles that create erosion on the surface of the stone.

temperature changes

Temperature variations are one of the things that cause stones to decay. Expansion in the stone due to the high or low temperature as well as the contraction in it can cause a lot of problems in the stone resulting in stone deterioration. This occurs in stones with minerals with different volumetric expansion coefficients, since some of these particles tend to contract, and others become less expanded, which is why stone deterioration due to temperature variations It happens.

grow

Growth is one of the other things that can be considered as a stone’s downfall. Plant growth can cause stone deterioration. This case occurs more often in stony floors in buildings located on the ground. The roots of the trees and weeds that are created around these stones cause the stone to deteriorate. In addition, when the plant is next to the stone, it will be possible to create dew in the stones, and as a result, the problems that we mentioned about dew are more likely to happen.

 

deteriorating by planet

 Ending speech

As we mentioned, stone is a natural material and may be degraded by various factors. As a result, the type of stone, as well as the type of interior decoration or interior decoration, should be chosen with intelligence to determine the decay of stone later, depending on where the building is being built.